A European survey on treatment of hydrosalpinges in infertile women on behalf of the European Society for Gynaecological Endoscopy (ESGE) Special Interest Group (SIG) on Reproductive Surgery
tubal surgery, laparoscopy, tubal factor infertility, assisted reproductive technology, hydrosalpinx
Published online: Oct 09 2020
A questionnaire-based survey was conducted among members of the European Society for Gynaecological Endoscopy (ESGE), with the aim of increasing awareness of the diagnosis and surgical treatment of tubal disease as an alternative to in-vitro fertiliszation (IVF). Seventeen participants (34%) occasionally used a test for prediction of the ovarian reserve before surgery, and the most commonly used test was anti-mullerian hormone assay (39/50; (80%). Laparoscopy was the preferred method for staging tubal disease (43/50; 86%).Thirty-seven (76%) participants always performed salpingectomy or tubal occlusion before the first IVF attempt. Thirty (60%) of the gynaecological surgeons considered the outcome with tubal surgery and IVF to be similar in mild tubal disease, whereas for severe disease, 31/50 (62%) felt that surgery had worse outcome. Among other factors to be considered in choosing a strategy for treating infertility, 20/50 (40%) of respondents listed the stage of disease. The findings of this survey suggest that first-line treatment for women younger than 35 years old with minor tubal pathology, is tubal surgery. IVF appears to be offered if there are other infertility factors, if the patient is >38 years old and if moderate to severe tubal disease is present.